Waxaa qoray Amy Harris 

In ka badan 4 milyan oo qof oo Maraykanka ku nool ayaa hadda qaba cagaarshow A, cagaarshow B, ama cagaarshow C, kuwaas oo dhammaan ah caabuqyada beerka ee ay keenaan fayrasyo ​​kala duwan. Adduunka oo dhan, cagaarshow D iyo cagaarshow E sidoo kale waa walaac caafimaad, laakiin fayraska cagaarshow ee Maine iyo Mareykanka ugu caansan waa A, B, iyo C.

Amevi Assoutovi, oo ah Shaqaale Caafimaadka Beesha oo ka tirsan Qaybta Caafimaadka Dadweynaha Portland, ayaa ka warbixisay jahawareer baahsan iyo isfaham la’aan ku saabsan cagaarshowga, oo ay ku jiraan faraqa u dhexeeya fayraska kala duwan. Cagaarshowga wuxuu u safri karaa qof ilaa qof, aqoon la’aanta iyo fahamka noocyada cagaarshowga, sida uu u faafo, iyo sida looga hortago infekshanka ayaa khatar gelinaya dhammaan Mainers.

Marka aan la daaweynin, noocyada cagaarshowga qaarkood waxay u horseedi karaan kansarka beerka ama cudurro kale oo halis ah oo beerka ah. Calaamadaha waxaa ka mid ah qandho, daal, iyo cagaarshow (indhaha huruud ah iyo midab aan caadi ahayn ee saxarada iyo kaadida), laakiin sababtoo ah dadka qaarkii ma muujiyaan calaamadaha gabi ahaanba, dareenka fiicnaanta macnaheedu maaha in qof caafimaad qabo. Assoutovi waxa ay ku talinaysaa in la barto khatarta kala duwan ee nooc kasta oo fayras ah, iyo sidoo kale in la waydiiyo daawaynta suurtogalka ah iyo helitaanka tallaalada lagula taliyay si looga hortago jirrada.

Assoutovi waxa uu si aan rasmi ahayn u sahamiyay macaamiishiisa Xarunta Caafimaadka ee Baadhista, Kala Hormarinta, iyo Degdegga ah ee Barnaamijka (SPUR), oo ku yaala 39 Forest Avenue, Portland, waxayna ogaadeen in aanay wax aqoon ah u lahayn tallaabooyinka ka hortagga ah sida tallaalka, isdhaafsiga irbado ammaan ah, iyo baadhista. cagaarshow. Waxa uu sheegay in uu ka walaacsan yahay in macluumaad la’aantu ay xaddiddo awoodda bukaankiisa si ay uga fogaadaan caabuqa ama ay u helaan daaweyn hore.

Dalka oo dhan, tirada caabuqyada cagaarshowga C ayaa kordhay 7% intii u dhaxaysay 2020 iyo 2021. Chloe Manchester, Cilmi-nafsiga Cudurada faafa ee Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention, ayaa sheegay in kiisaska cagaarshowga B iyo C ee Maine ay hoos u dhaceen qadar yar isla muddadaas. laakiin waxay u malaynaysaa in kiisas yar laga yaabo in la soo sheegay intii lagu jiray masiibada COVID-19 taasoo ka dhalatay baadhis caafimaad oo yar. Manchester waxay sheegtay in cagaarshow C uu weli yahay “arrin ku saabsan caafimaadka guud ee Maine iyo guud ahaan Maraykanka,” waxayna ka welwelsan tahay in cagaarshow C aan la ogaan karin uu ka qaadi karo haweenka uurka leh ilmahooda. “Waxaa si weyn loo qirey cagaarshowga xilliga dhalmada ee C in ay aad ugu dhowdahay in la dhayalsado,” ayay tiri.

Waxbarashada ku saabsan baaritaanka, fursadaha daawaynta, iyo fursadaha tallaalka waa in lagu balaadhiyaa gobolka oo dhan, ayay tiri Manchester. “Waxaan haynaa dhammaan agabka aan u baahanahay si aan nafteena uga fogeyno arrintaan caafimaadka dadweynaha,” oo ay ku jiraan daawaynta aadka waxtarka leh, xeeladaha dhimista waxyeellada ee la xaqiijiyay, iyo talooyinka baaritaanka joogtada ah.

Kaniisadda cirbadeynta badbaadada leh waxay leedahay ujeedo “si loo yareeyo waxyeelada la xiriirta isticmaalka daroogada firfircoon iyo in kor loo qaado oo la taageero isgoysyada faqriga, helitaanka daryeel caafimaad oo liita iyo guri la’aan.” Waa mid ka mid ah hay’adaha ka shaqeeya goobta si ay wax u baraan dadweynaha iyo bixinta daryeelka la xiriira cagaarshowga. Waxay leeyihiin dhowr dhacdo oo bulsho oo loo qorsheeyay 2024, oo ay ku dhammaystiran yihiin turjubaano, agab la turjumay, iyo baadhisyo cagaarshow iyo tallaalo bilaash ah.

Laakiin agaasimaha fulinta Zoe Brokos ayaa sheegay in wacyigelintu aysan fududayn. “Shaqada aan qabano waa mid lagu dhaleeceeyo inta badan bulshada,” ayay tiri. Waxay la shaqaynaysaa Generational Noor, Maine People’s Alliance, iyo Maine Inside Out dadaallada wacyigelinta. Qayb muhiim ah oo ka mid ah istiraatijiyadda dhimista waxyeelada ee cagaarshowga B iyo C waxay siinaysaa fursado ay dadku ku beddelan karaan irbadaha wasakhaysan sirinjado nadiif ah. Marka lagu daro kordhinta helitaanka saliingadaha nadiifka ah, u doodayaasha daryeelka caafimaadku waxay rumaysan yihiin in baadhista caalamiga ahi ay tahay qayb ka mid ah daryeelka caafimaad ee caadiga ah. Baadhitaanku waxa uu caawin doonaa kuwa buka waxa kale oo ay yaraynaysaa gudbinta.

Si loo caawiyo dadka, ururo badan oo Maine ah ayaa xaqiiqsaday in doorashooyin daawaynta ku habboon dhaqan ahaan loo baahan yahay in la helo. Sida laga soo xigtay Manchester, Greater Portland Health and Maine Medical Center’s Virology Treatment Center waa tusaalayaal ururada la shaqeeya la-hawlgalayaasha bulshada si ay u hubiyaan in kuwa laga helo togan ay haystaan ​​”gacanta diirimaad ee meel ay ka heli karaan daaweyn dhaqan ahaan ku haboon oo ceeb la’aan ah.”

Cagaarshowga A waxaa lagaga hortagi karaa gacmo-dhaqashada joogtada ah, dhaqamada nadaafadda ee badbaadada leh, iyo si fiican loo dhaqo oo loo kariyo alaabta cuntada. Cagaarshowga A wuu ka faafi badan yahay cagaarshow B ama C. Wuxuu ku fidaa gudbinta saxarada-afka ama isagoo cuna cunto ama biyo wasakhaysan.

Cagaarshowga B waxa uu ku faafaa dareeraha jidhka sida dhiiga iyo shahwada, cirbadaha aan la nadiifin, iyo hooyada ilaa ilmaha xiliga dhalmada. Inta badan dadka qaba cagaarshowga B ma dareemaan calaamado marka ugu horeysa ee cudurka, sidaas darteed waxay u badan tahay inay raadsadaan daryeel caafimaad ama in la baaro.

Dadka intooda badan waxay ku qaadaan fayraska cagaarshow C iyagoo wadaaga irbadaha ama qalabka kale ee loo isticmaalo diyaarinta iyo duritaanka daawooyinka, sida ay sheegtay Xarumaha Xakamaynta iyo Kahortagga Cudurrada ee Maraykanka. Faafida opioid-ka iyo kor u kaca dadka duraya mukhaadaraadka ayaa laga yaabaa inay qayb ka tahay eedaynta xaaladaha sii socda ee cagaarshow C.

Saddexda, cagaarshowga C waxay u badan tahay inuu yahay caabuq aamusan, dadkuna ma ogaan karaan wax calaamado ah ilaa uu cudurkoodu u gudbayo cudur beerka oo sare u kacay.

Inta badan dadka uu ku dhaco cagaarshow A waxa ay bukoon doonaan muddo gaaban ka hor inta aysan si buuxda u bogsan, badina ma yeelan doonaan waxyeello beerka waarta.

Cagaarshowga B iyo C labaduba waxay leeyihiin nooc caabuq ah oo ba’an oo socda ilaa lix bilood, iyo sidoo kale nooc dabadheeraad ah oo socda inta nool oo dhan. Cagaarshowga B dawo ma leh, laakiin haddii si sax ah loo maareeyo muddo ka dib, cagaarshow B uma baahna inuu noqdo mid daba-dheeraaday oo uu keeno dhaawac beerka ah oo daran (oo loo yaqaanno cirrhosis) ama kansarka beerka.

Horumarkii dhawaa ee daawaynta cagaarshow C waxay ka dhigan tahay heerarka daawaynta oo sarreeya iyo waqtiyo daawaynta oo gaaban. Daaweyntu waxay inta badan ku lug leedahay siddeed ilaa 12 toddobaad oo daawaynta afka ah (kiniinno), iyo in ka badan 90% bukaannada waa la daweeyaa, oo leh waxyeellooyin yar, sida uu qabo US CDC.

Talaalo

Waxaa jira tallaallo looga hortago cagaarshowga A iyo cagaarshow B. Dadka qaba cagaarshowga B ama C waxaa lagula talinayaa inay sidoo kale qaataan tallaalka cagaarshow A.