Under federal law, people who are not U.S. citizens, but who register to vote OR who vote in any U.S. election (including local, state, and federal elections) can be deported. The law does not excuse non-citizens who misunderstood the eligibility laws, or who were told or helped by others to register or vote. It even applies to those who passed their citizenship test and interview but are not yet sworn in as U.S. citizens.